Chinese Calendar Boy, the Chinese calendar, a lunisolar calendar, is used to determine important festival dates. It is based on astronomical observations of the sun’s longitude and the moon’s phases. Chinese years coincide with the tropical year and have some similarities with the Jewish calendar. Both calendars include ordinary years (which have 12 months) and leap years (which have 13 months).
Chinese Calendar Boy: In Modern Society!
In modern times, Chinese people are using the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes. However, the Chinese lunar calendar is still adopted among numerous Chinese communities around the world. It defines festival dates, traditional holidays, and a lucky day for auspicious activities such as marriage proposal, wedding, pregnancy, traveling, opening a business, the first dig of a building, the first dig of a tomb, and so on. It is also used to determine moon phases since it follows the moon.
Chinese Calendar Boy: The 60-year Cycle
The calendar has a relationship with natural sciences such as astronomy and agriculture, solar terms, and traditional festivals such as the Chinese New Year. It also links with the Five Elements of the physical universe: earth, fire, metal, water, and wood. Chinese Zodiac is the symbolic animals connected to each year on a 12-year cycle. Years in the Chinese calendar do not follow an infinite sequence. Each year is appointed a name involving two components: the celestial stem and the terrestrial branch.
|3||Bing||natural fire||8||Xin||wrought metal|
|4||Ding||artificial fire||9||Ren||running water|
Chinese Calendar Boy: Calendar Background
The Chinese calendar’s origins date as far back as the 14th century BCE. It is believed that the Emperor Huang Di introduced the calendar around 2637 BCE. His minister Ta Nao invented the first calendar, called the Kan-chih system, which means “the system of cyclical characters.” It is an exceptional combination of astronomy and geography. It also refers to the Lunar or the old Chinese calendar. During Tang Dynasty, the calendar was introduced to Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.
More about the Calendar use in Republic of China!
Following the founding of the Republic of China in 1911, the Gregorian calendar was brought into use. However, it was not widely used until the Communist victory in 1949. On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong, late President of the People’s Republic of China, claimed that the year should be in agreement with the Gregorian calendar. Ethnic groups such as Dai and Tibet have their own calendars, but they resemble that of the Han people.
What About the Twelve animals associate with each year!
Another phase was added to the Chinese calendar since the system was planned for widespread use. Twelve animals associate with each year, and they are commonly called the twelve zodiac animals in the western horoscope. They are believed to be familiar symbols and do not have any great significance. Nevertheless, there have been interesting folktales related to the origin of the twelve animals.